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Difference between remove(), pop() , clear() and del in Python List

Jul 17, 2020 remove(), pop() , clear() , del, 10598 Views
This article explain the syntax of remove(), pop(), clear() and del in Python List. How we can use these with list and tabular differences between them.

Difference between remove() , pop() ,delete and clear() in Python List.

In this article, we will learn about some methods of python list, in which we are always confused as by names it seems that all are the same but it is not the same there are very big differences between these methods. so let's start by first knowing about the work and usage of each and after that, we will talk about the differences among all.

  1. remove():

    remove() is an inbuilt function in Python programming language that removes a given object from the list. It removes the object from the list. It does not return any value.

Note: It removes the first occurrence of the object from the list. It does not deal with the index.

Syntax of remove() method:   

 list.remove(index)

Code:

#python 3 program to demonstrate the use of remove () method.

#removes "banana" from list1
list1 = ["apple", "banana", "cherry"]         
list1.remove("banana")         
print(list1)

#removes first occurrence of 6  from list2
list2 = [1,3,6,9,6,8,4,6]
list2.remove(6)
print(list2)

#removes() returns ValueError when passed object is not present in the list.
list2 = [1,3,6,9,6,8,4,6]
list2.remove(5)
print(list2)

 Output:

Sometimes we need to perform the operation of removing list from the list of lists.let's discuss the way in which this can be performed.  

Code:

#removes list from list of lists
test_list = [[1, 3], 40, 9, 6, 8, 4, 60,]
test_list.remove([1,3])
print(test_list)

Output:

    2. del 

        To remove items by index or slice we can use the del method in python .you can also remove elements from a list with del statements.

        Note: It removes the specified index element.

Syntax of del :

del list[index]  or del list

Code:       

#python 3 program to demonstrate the use of del() method.
#this deletes the 0th element from the list. 

thislist = [78, "a", 89, "b", "z" , 1, 20, 3, 4, "m" ]
print(thislist)
del thislist[0]
print(thislist)

#output:
#[78, 'a', 89, 'b', 'z', 1, 20, 3, 4, 'm']
#['a', 89, 'b', 'z', 1, 20, 3, 4, 'm']
         

#this deletes the -1th element from the list. 

thislist = [78, "a", 89, "b", "z" , 1, 20, 3, 4, "m" ]
print(thislist)
del thislist[-1]
print(thislist)
#output:
#[78, 'a', 89, 'b', 'z', 1, 20, 3, 4, 'm']
#[78, 'a', 89, 'b', 'z', 1, 20, 3, 4]


#this deletes the element from index 1 to 5(5 excluded) from the list.
       
thislist = [78, "a", 89, "b", "z" , 1, 20, 3, 4, "m" ]
print(thislist)
del thislist[1:5]
print(thislist)
#output:
#[78, 'a', 89, 'b', 'z', 1, 20, 3, 4, 'm']
#[78, 1, 20, 3, 4, 'm']
       
#this delete the  entire list
             
thislist = [78, "a", 89, "b", "z" , 1, 20, 3, 4, "m" ]
print(thislist)
del thislist
print(thislist)
#ouput:
#Traceback (most recent call last):
#  File "C:/Users/Mousmi/PycharmProjects/HelloWorld/del.py", line 7, in <module>
#    print(thislist)
#NameError: name 'thislist' is not defined
#[78, 'a', 89, 'b', 'z', 1, 20, 3, 4, 'm']

here we can see that before using the del keyword with the list name, the list was existing but after using the del keyword, Pychram is showing an error which is a name error that shows that the previously existing list is deleted now.

     3.clear(): clear() method in python is used to empty the entire list. this can be used if someone wants an empty list for any other purpose. 

Syntax of clear() method:     

list.clear()

Code:      

thislist = [78, "a", 89, "b", "z" , 1, 20, 3, 4, "m" ]
print('thislist before clear:', thislist)
thislist.clear()
print('thislist after clear:', thislist)

           

Output:

    4. pop() method: The pop() method removes the item at the given index from the list and returns  the removed item.

Syntax of pop() method:        

list.pop(index)

pop() parameter:

  1. It takes a single argument(index)
  2. If the argument is not passed then by default it removes the last element that is a list[-1]
  3. If the index passed to the method is not in range then it throws Index Error: pop index out of range exception.

Code:    

# this removes the element on index -2 from the list
         
thislist = [78, "a", 89,  "b", "z" , 1, 20, 3, 4, "m" ]              print(thislist.pop(-2))

#output:
#4                    

# this removes the last element from the list because no argument is passed so
#it will pop the last element from the list

thislist = [78, "a", 89,  "b", "z" , 1, 20, 3, 4, "m" ]
print(thislist.pop())

#output:
#m

# If we provide an argument which is not in the present in the list then it throws an #error IndexError i.e pop index out of range.

thislist = [78, "a", 89,  "b", "z" , 1, 20, 3, 4, "m" ]
print( thislist.pop(-12))

#output:
#Traceback (most recent call last):
#  File "C:/Users/Mousmi/PycharmProjects/HelloWorld/clear().py", line 4, in <module>
#    print( thislist.pop(-12))
#IndexError: pop index out of range

I hope from these code examples with the output snippet, the difference between the remove(), del, clear() and pop() is clear.

let's summarise what we learned from the above discussions.

Methods --->

remove()

delete()

clear()

pop()

Syntax

 

      

List.remove(index)

      del list[index]

             or

         del list

     list.clear()

         list.pop(index)

                  Or

              list.pop()

Parameters

Single  argument

Single index argument

 Index can be

positive ,negative

and slice of index

can also be provided

Does not accept

 Any argument.

Single index argument

Index can be positive ,

Negative but slice of

Index not acceptable.

By Default

Throws error if

 argument  passed

doesn’t match.

It removes the entire

List if the list name is

Provided without any

Argument.

 

If any argument is not passed then it pops the last element.

Usage

Removes the first

matching element

or object.

To delete an element

Or list.

To empty the

entire list.

To remove an element at

specified index.

Deals with

Index

No

Yes

No

Yes

Returns

Object or element

Does not

return anything

Does not return

Any value

Returns the deleted element

I hope, you like this article if you find it useful then share this article with your friends. 

with

Best regards, Happy Learning 🙂

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