What is Go Programming Language? | Go Language Tutorial
What is Go Programming Language?
In this article, you will learn:
- Introduction of Go Programming Language
- What software do you need to install Go on your Laptop?
- Syntax of Go Programming language
Introduction of Go Programming Language
Go falls under the category of procedural programming language. It was developed in 2007 at Google by Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike, and Ken Thompson. It was launched in 2009 as an open-source programming language. Programs are written with the help of the package, for the management of dependencies. Go language also supports an environment adopting patterns similar to dynamic programming languages. There are multiple IDEs such as The Go Playground, repl.it, etc, which are used to run the Go programs without even installing the Go language.
Softwares need to install Go language on Laptop
Text Editor: A text editor is just a platform that programmers use to write the source code. The following are the text editors used:
- Windows Notepad
- OS Edit Command
- VM or Vi
- VS Code
Finding a Go Compiler: Go distribution comes as a binary installable for FreeBSD, Mac OS X(Snow Leopard and above), and Windows operating systems with 32-bit and 64-bit.
Syntax of writing Go Programming Language
- Line 1: It contains the main package of the program, which has the complete content of the program. It is the first step to writing the program, so it is mandatory to write.
- Line 2: It contains import “fmt”, which is a preprocessor command which tells the compiler to include the files which are lying in the package.
- Line 3: the main function, is the beginning of the execution of the program.
- Line 4: fmt. println() is a standard library function to print something as an output on the screen. In this, the fmt package has transmitted the Println method which is used in displaying the output.
- Comment: Comments are used in describing the code and are used in Java or C or C++. Compilers ignore the comment entries. We do not execute the comments. Comments can be of single or multiple lines.
- Single Line Comment
- Multiple Line Comment