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Node.js - Local Environment Setup

In this chapter, we will show you how to set up an environment for successful Node.js installation.

Node.js - Local Environment Setup


To set up Node.js in your local environment, you need the following two software available on your computer, (a) Text Editor and (b) The Node.js binary installable.

Text Editor
This will be used to type your program. Examples of few editors include Windows Notepad, OS Edit command, Brief, Epsilon, EMACS, and vim or vi.

The name and version of the text editor can vary on different operating systems. For example, Notepad will be used on Windows, and vim or vi can be used on windows as well as Linux or UNIX.

The files you create with your editor are called source files and contain program source code. The source files for Node.js programs are typically named with the extension ".js".

Before starting your programming, make sure you have one text editor in place and you have enough experience to write a computer program, save it in a file, and finally execute it.

The Node.js Runtime
The source code written in the source file is simply javascript. The Node.js interpreter will be used to interpret and execute your javascript code.

Node.js distribution comes as a binary installable for SunOS, Linux, Mac OS X, and Windows operating systems with the 32-bit (386) and 64-bit (amd64) x86 processor architectures.

The following section guides you on how to install Node.js binary distribution on various OS.

Download Node.js archive
Download latest version of Node.js installable archive file from Node.js Downloads (http://nodejs.org/download/). At the time of writing this tutorial, the following are the versions available on different OS.

For Windows OS:

Archive-name - node-v6.3.1-x64.msi                                              

For Linux OS:

Archive-name - node-v6.3.1-Linux-x86.tar.gz

For Mac OS:

Archive-name - node-v6.3.1-darwin-x86.tar.gz

For SunOS:

Archive-name - node-v6.3.1-sunos-x86.tar.gz

Installation on UNIX/Linux/Mac OS X, and SunOS
Based on your OS architecture, download and extract the archive node-v6.3.1-osname.tar.gz into /tmp, and then finally move extracted files into /usr/local/nodejs directory. For example:

$ cd /tmp
$ wget http://nodejs.org/dist/v6.3.1/node-v6.3.1-linux-x64.tar.gz
$ tar xvfz node-v6.3.1-linux-x64.tar.gz
$ mkdir -p /usr/local/nodejs
$ mv node-v6.3.1-linux-x64/* /usr/local/nodejs


Add /usr/local/nodejs/bin to the PATH environment variable.

For Windows OS:

Output - export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/nodejs/bin

For Linux OS:

Output - export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/nodejs/bin

For FreeBSD:

Outpu t- export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/nodejs/bin

Installation on Windows
Use the MSI file and follow the prompts to install the Node.js. By default, the installer uses the Node.js distribution in C:\Program Files\nodejs. The installer should set the C:\Program Files\nodejs\bin directory in the window's PATH environment variable. Restart any open command prompts for the change to take effect.

Verify installation: Executing a File
Create a js file named main.js on your machine (Windows or Linux) having the following code.

/* Hello, World! program in node.js */
console.log("Hello, World!")

Now execute main.js file using Node.js interpreter to see the result −

$ node main.js

if everything fine then the output will be:

Hello, World!
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