Loading, please wait...

A to Z Full Forms and Acronyms

What is the R Programming Language and its History?

Nov 16, 2021 #RLanguage #Programming, 2812 Views
R programming language is an open-source programming language for statistical computation. In ancient times, statisticians who want to produce statistical and graphical applications. It supports n number of statistical analysis techniques, machine learning models, and graphical visualization for data analysis. It serves the purpose of the free software environment for statistical computation and graphics.

What is the R Programming Language and its History?

What is the R programming language? 

R programming language is an open-source programming language for statistical computation. In ancient times, statisticians who want to produce statistical and graphical applications. It supports n number of statistical analysis techniques, machine learning models, and graphical visualization for data analysis. It serves the purpose of the free software environment for statistical computation and graphics. The R core team and the R Foundation support the R language for statistical computing. GNU package is the official R software environment. The GNU package has written in C, Fortran, and R(itself). Under the GNU (General Public License), it is freely available. R language has ranked among the top programming languages in the TIOBE index. 

R programming language is easy to understand and implement. It supports a handful of built-in functions. The packages are available to create an effective R program, data models, and graphical charts. For research and analytics purposes,  it is a popular language among statisticians and data scientists. It supports cross-platform portability. Multiple operating systems support the R language. R studio IDE is used to manage the R programming scripts. 

History of R programming Language

R programming language is the extended version of the S programming language. John Chambers, the creator of the S programming language in 1976 at Bell laboratories. In 1988, the official version of the S language came into existence with the name S-PLUS. The R language is almost the unchanged version of S-PLUS. 

  • -- In 1991, the two Gentleman's Ross Ihaka and Robert Gentlemen,  researched to find the alternative of S programming language that is independent on S-PLUS.
  • -- In 1993, they started publicizing the alternative. It has partially named on the first two R authors and two S authors.
  • -- In 1995, another gentleman Martin Maechler convinced the other two to make R as free and open-source software with n number of other formers. The official version was released.
  • -- On 23rd April 1997, Comprehensive R Archive Network (CRAN) commercially announced with few minor changes and contributed packages. 
  • -- On 29th Feb 2000, the first official "stable beta" version was released.
  • -- The latest released version 4.1.2 on 01-11-2021.
A to Z Full Forms and Acronyms

Related Article